Prior to 1937 relations between planters and millers in the Sugar Industry were sometimes impaired by disputes. These disputes revolved around a number of issues, including:
From time to time, enquiries were set up to look into those issues.
Following some disturbances in 1937, a Commission of Enquiry presided by C.A Hooper was instituted to study the causes of the unrest. After investigation, the Commission made a series of recommendations in order to deal with the problems in that sector.
Following these recommendations the Cane Planters and Sugar Millers Control Ordinance No. 27 was enacted in 1939. The Ordinance provided for the creation of a Central Board, now called the Cane Planters and Millers Arbitration and Control Board, to be responsible for the implementation of these recommendations and also to serve as a control and regulatory body. It was set up in 1939 and is governed by Act No.46 of 1973. It is a division of the The Ministry of Agro-Industry and Food Security and is financed by a cess from the sugar industry.